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Facing down an eye disease is never easy. However, the ongoing care of your Total Vision optometrist is a highly effective way to maintain your vision and eye health. From childhood to adulthood and into the twilight years, your Total Vision eye doctor will carefully screen for eye diseases and risk factors to help maintain your vision and sight.

Early Diagnosis Can Make the Difference

Through your regular eye exams, you can responsibly avoid eye diseases as much as possible and receive appropriate treatment when diseases do occur. Early diagnosis can make an enormous difference in the effectiveness of treatment. Your Total Vision optometrist will call upon their experience and the most cutting edge diagnostic technology to detect eye diseases as soon as possible. Happily, we are now able to effectively treat many diseases which even five or ten years ago meant certain vision loss. 

Total Vision optometrists have extensive understanding of the diagnosis and treatment of a wide variety of eye diseases. Common eye diseases which are routinely treated with success by Total Vision optometrists include:

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Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes when high blood sugar levels cause damage to the retina, light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye, affecting your sight. Keeping your diabetes in check can help prevent the appearance of diabetic retinopathy, which is always preferable. But, once diagnosed, there are effective treatments from medications to laser surgery available to prevent diabetic retinopathy from progressing further.

The earliest form of diabetic retinopathy is called non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) and is most common among people with all kinds of diabetes. Tiny blood vessels in the eye may leak and cause damage to the retina or get closed off, blocking proper blood flow from reaching the retina. 

The main early symptoms of NPDR include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Floaters
  • Dark areas or blank spots in your field of vision
  • Poor night vision
  • Changes in color vision

Delaying treatment for NPDR can increase your chances of losing your sight or visual acuity. As soon as you notice any of the above symptoms, schedule an appointment with your Total Vision optometrist for a comprehensive exam to begin or adjust your treatment. 

Macular Degeneration

The macula is the small central part of the retina, nerve tissue at the back of your eye essential to your vision. A diagnosis of macular degeneration means that the macula is wearing down. While macular degeneration can cause severe vision problems, it usually does not cause complete blindness. The most common type is age-related and occurs in patients over 60, but some types of macular degeneration can occur in children or young adults.

The dry form of macular degeneration leads to yellow deposits in the macula, affecting the patient’s central vision. The less common wet form of macular degeneration is caused by blood vessels growing underneath the macula and leaking blood into other parts of the eye, distorting your vision.

Although there is no absolute cure for macular degeneration, there are a variety of treatment options which can slow the disease down and even regain some lost visual acuity. Treatments range from pharmaceuticals to laser therapy and more. With early diagnosis and the care of your Total Vision optometrist, you can decide upon the best possible treatments for your needs and situation.


Glaucoma is a progressive eye disease caused by increased pressure in the eye, damaging the optic nerve, an essential component of vision. While it cannot be cured, proper treatment from your Total Vision optometrist can help slow the progress of the disease and maintain your sight.

Glaucoma is usually seen in patients over 40, but in rarer cases can be brought on by blunt trauma or a severe eye infection. High blood pressure, hypertension, smoking, and family history are some of many factors which may increase your chances of developing glaucoma.

Early diagnosis is your best chance for maintaining your vision. Every comprehensive Total Vision eye exam includes a glaucoma test for this reason. See your Total Vision right away if you develop any of the following symptoms:

  • “Halos” around lights
  • Vision loss
  • Eye redness
  • Eye pain

The best treatment for your specific case will always be unique, but may include medications, laser surgery, eyedrops, or microsurgery.


More commonly known as “pink eye,” conjunctivitis is an uncomfortable and highly contagious infection that causes swelling of the lining of the eye and eyelid. With a simple eye-drop treatment, it should not affect the vision.

However, left untreated, conjunctivitis can become more serious and cause long term vision problems. As soon as you notice redness and itchiness of the eyes, make an appointment with your Total Vision optometrist for diagnosis and treatment.

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Why Choose Total Vision for Your Optical Needs?

Whether you are noticing new symptoms or managing an ongoing eye disease issue, your local Total Vision in Carmel Valley, Rancho Bernardo, Tierrasanta, Solana Beach, University City, Del Mar, or La Jolla has the exemplary staff and technology to help you access skillful treatments.

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