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Maintaining a crisp and crystal-clear vision is an important part of your overall health. Deteriorating vision doesn’t just burden you with glasses or contact lenses, but it also impacts your quality of life. We use the latest cutting-edge diagnostic technologies to identify the slightest warning signs of vision problems and eye diseases — early diagnostics and treatment are crucial for overall eye health. The following is an overview of some of the common vision problems we regularly diagnose and treat in Ladera Ranch.

Refractive Errors

“Refractive error” refers to a group of vision problems caused due to an irregular shape of the cornea, i.e., the lens at the front of the eye. Refractive errors occur when your cornea’s shape is incapable of bending light correctly, leading to blurry vision.

The following are the various types of refractive errors.

  • Myopia/ Nearsightedness: Faraway objects seem blurry, but closer objects are clear. 
  • Hyperopia/ Farsightedness: Objects close to your field of vision are clear, but distant objects are blurry.
  • Presbyopia: The cornea hardens and becomes rigid after the age of 40, resulting in blurry vision regardless of the distance.
  • Astigmatism: You have blurry or distorted vision, regardless of the distance, because of an irregular curvature in your cornea.
patient seeing her optometrists in Ladera Ranch

Macular Degeneration

As the name suggests, macular degeneration is a vision problem that afflicts the macula, i.e., the central part of the retina. Macular degeneration is most commonly found in patients over the age of 60, which is why it’s also called age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

If left untreated, the macula continues degenerating until you have a complete loss of vision. Macular degeneration can be slowed down, stopped, or treated with injections or laser treatments.


Cataracts can occur in both children and adults, but they’re mostly common amongst patients over 60 years of age. Cataracts are cloudy formations on the lenses of the eyes, usually due to the continued accumulation of protein on the lenses. The continued accumulation of proteins on your cornea leads to cloudy formations that make it seem like you’re constantly looking through a foggy window.

If left untreated, cataracts continue clouding your vision until you suffer from complete loss of vision. However, cataracts are extremely treatable, especially if diagnosed at an early stage. Initially, cataracts can be treated or slowed down with specialized glasses or contact lenses, but you may eventually need laser surgery.

Retinal Damage/ Detachment

Retinal damage or detachment is an emergency situation that necessitates immediate optometrist intervention. Retinal detachment happens when the retina at the back of the eye pulls away from its normal position, disconnecting it from the network of blood vessels that supply blood, oxygen, and nourishment to your eyes.

If left untreated, you may soon suffer from permanent loss of vision. As such, you must contact your eye doctor the moment you identify the warning signs of retinal damage — tiny specks in your field of vision, floaters, blurred vision, flashes of light, and a curtain-like shadow on your vision. Retinal damage can be treated with laser or surgical procedures.

patients eyes after consulting her optometrists in Ladera Ranch

Comprehensive Eye Care at Ladera Ranch Optometry

At Ladera Ranch Optometry, our goal is to prevent your eye conditions and vision problems from escalating. We take a proactive rather than a reactive approach to eye care. As such, we run numerous tests during your regular eye exams to identify warning signs and symptoms of vision problems. If we notice any troubling signs, we identify and treat the root cause of the problem before it worsens. For more information, please schedule your comprehensive eye exam in Ladera Ranch today.

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